You are in Nusa Penida now

Buy a land in Nusa Penida

€ 129,200 ++ Freehold
Nusa Penida

Choose a language


Choose a language


Leasehold vs Freehold

When choosing whether to buy land freehold or leasehold, you should be aware of the
ramifications of each with regards to the potential value of the investment.

Bali Freehold

Purchasing land freehold allows you to enjoy over time, land value appreciation, which has been
fairly dramatic in Bali in past years. With freehold, any appreciation in the value of the property,
either through improvements you have made to it, or through the rise in land prices, you gain the
benefit of any increase in value.

Hak Milik or Freehold is the most complete and strongest form of land title ownership in
Indonesia. Only individuals of Indonesian Nationality are entitled to own land under a Hak Milik
title.  Consequently, neither limited liability companies (PT/Perusahaan Terbatas) nor foreign
individuals may obtain land with a Hak Milik title. Subject to zoning restrictions, the Hak Milik title
owner can use the land for any purpose, although it does not entitle the owner to exploit the
natural resources found on or under the land. The title has no limit and may be sold, gifted,
exchanged and bequeathed and may also be used in the form of a mortgage.
Foreigners may, however, acquire land under a Hak Milik title in another form of entitlement
called Hak Pakai or Right of use.

Bali Leasehold

Leasehold, on the other hand, means that after a certain period of time, the property and
whatever improvements the leaseholder may have made, revert to the owner.
In very simple terms, as time passes, your investment in leasehold property depreciates in value,
because as the term of the lease gets shorter, the lease is less attractive to a buyer, should you
want to sell the remainder of your lease.

The terms and conditions of any extension to a lease, are usually built into the original
agreement. Most lease agreements have some sort of extension option, although you should be
careful to fully understand the means by which the extension may be activated. Sometimes the
extension can only be activated by mutual agreement, which means that the time at which
extension discussions can begin, it must also be agreed upon mutually by the landowner and the
leaseholder. This can lead to problems if the landowner does not agree to give an extension at
the time the leaseholder requires it.

Leasehold still has some advantages (and in some areas these days such as Canggu, freehold
is difficult to obtain), the main advantage being that it is a more affordable option.
For example, if there were two identical villas side by side, one leasehold over a 40 year period
and the other freehold, the leasehold villa would generally be about 2/3rds of the price of the
freehold option.

Leasing Property in Bali

If you decide to buy leasehold, the drafting of any leasehold agreement should be carried out
with the assistance of a third party legal advisor, since guaranteeing renewals and limiting rent
increases is the key to a cost-effective leasehold structure.

A lease agreement/contract must be documented at a notary public (PPAT) and the notary will
do a full due diligence on the property, so that the agreement and all property documentation
meets the legal requirements for the transaction to progress.

This is a long-term lease contract. Although the land title is not under the foreigner’s name and
remains under the ownership of the original owner, the land can be rented for an initial period of
around 25 years and can then be extended up to a period of 70 years. After the lease begins, the
owner’s title of Hak Milik (Right to Own) will be legally transferred to the foreigner under the Hak
Sewa title (Right to Lease).

If the leasehold is not renewed once it expires, all rights go back to the original owner and it
becomes a freehold Hak Milik property again. 

Frequently Asked Questions regarding Leasehold Properties in Bali

  1. Do I have the right to sell my lease?
    Yes, you have full control of the leasehold title if you do not wish to continue leasing it,
    but the less years left on the lease, the less the property value.
  2. Do I have restrictions on selling, if I can in fact sell the lease?
    As far as our understanding, you are entitled to sell the lease agreement at anytime, but
    if the leaseholder departs from Indonesia permanently, the property must be sold or
    transferred within one year after departure. If the foreigner or his family does not use the
    property for more than 12 consecutive years, then the foreigner forfeits the “being
    domiciled” status, for the purpose of owning residential property.
  3. Can I pass the lease to my family member?
    Yes, you can pass the lease title to your family & ‘will’ it to a family member, as you own
    the rights of the lease for the duration that you paid for.  The landowner cannot break the
    lease agreement with you and must fulfil the terms and conditions of the lease
  4. Can I sublease the property or rent it out?
    Yes, you can rent / sublease the property when you are not staying in it, so it can also be
    a very lucrative investment.  However, if you do decide to rent out the property as a
    short-term/holiday rental, you must first acquire a  Pondok Wisata (rental license) .